So you know what I don’t get? Why people repeat words. (x)
Grammar time: it’s called “contrastive reduplication,” and it’s a form of intensification that is relatively common. Finnish does a very similar thing, and others use near-reduplication (rhyme-based) to intensify, like Hungarian (pici ‘tiny’, ici-pici ‘very tiny’).
Even the typologically-distant group of Bantu languages utilize reduplication in a strikingly similar fashion with nouns: Kinande oku-gulu ‘leg’, oku-gulu-gulu ‘a REAL leg’ (Downing 2001, includes more with verbal reduplication as well).
I suppose the difficult aspect of English reduplication is not through this particular type, but the fact that it utilizes many other types of reduplication: baby talk (choo-choo, no-no), rhyming (teeny-weeny, super-duper), and the ever-famous “shm” reduplication: fancy-schmancy (a way of denying the claim that something is fancy).
screams my professor was trying to find an example of reduplication so the next class he came back and said “I FOUND REDUPLICATION IN ENGLISH” and then he said “Milk milk” and everyone was just “what?” and he said “you know when you go to a coffee shop and they ask if you want soy milk and you say ‘no i want milk milk’” and everyone just had this collective sigh of understanding.
Another name for this particular construction is contrastive focus reduplication, and there’s a famous linguistics paper about it which is commonly known as the Salad Salad Paper. You know, because if you want to make it clear that you’re not talking about pasta salad or potato salad, you might call it “salad salad”. The repetition indicates that you’re intending the most prototypical meaning of the word, like green salad or cow’s milk, even though other things can be considered types of salad or milk.
Can I make love to this post?… Is that a thing that’s possible?
2 cups freshly squeezed lemon juice (about 10 large lemons)
1 cup sugar
1/4 cup orange blossom honey
2 vanilla beans—split and seeds scraped
1/2 gallon plus 1 cup cold water
1/2 cup mint leaves, crushed
1 lemon, sliced (for garnish)
Pour the lemon juice into a pitcher.
In a pot set over medium heat, whisk together the sugar, honey, and 1 cup water until the sugar is completely dissolved.
Add the vanilla seeds, vanilla pods, and crushed mint to the simple syrup and bring to a boil for 4-5 minutes until the mixture thickens and reduces. Then remove from heat and let cool.
Once completely cooled, remove the vanilla bean pods from the syrup, then pour into the pitcher with the lemon juice, followed by the remaining cold water and stir to combine.
Float the lemon slices on top of the lemonade, then chill until ready to serve.
Yunalis Mat Zara’ai, or simply Yuna, hails from Malaysia where she was born into a family that would often move around the country due to her father’s work. During her law studies Yuna started releasing music via MySpace and got a following large enough to garner the interest of both Malaysian and American record labels. Since 2008 she’s been recording her music and touring the world.
By now she has collaborated with among others Pharrell Williams (N.E.R.D) and Adam Young (Owl City). She lists Feist, Bob Dylan and The Cardigans as her influences.
Blessed to have caught the last show of @sarabareilles’ tour. You are inspiring and a wonderful ball of light! #orpheumtheater #losangeles #pbs #documentary #theblessedunrest #sarabareilles (at The Orpheum Theatre)